RIBEIRO, R. B.; JERDY, H.; MEDINA, R.; BIANCHI, M. P.; WERNECK, Max Rondon; Carvalho, E. C. Q. Tissue Lesions due to Spirorchiid Eggs in a Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus 1758) from Brazil: The First Report Outside of the USA.. JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY, v.103, p.801 – 803, 2017.
Spirorchiids (family Spirorchiidae Stunkard 1921) are a group of flukes that inhabit the circulatory system of turtles. Infection by members of the family Spirorchiidae involves egg deposition in the host bloodstream and accumulation in tissues, which cause inflammatory reactions and embolisms, leading or contributing to the death of the host. Reports of spirorchiid egg lesions in loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) have only been reported from U.S. hosts. In the present report a female loggerhead sea turtle was found dead on the beach in the north part of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. During gross necropsy, no parasite egg nodule was found. But the microscopic analysis revealed a mild granulomatous inflammatory process due to eggs from the family Spirorchiidae and both Langhans giant cells and foreign-body giant cells in the heart, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and spleen. The present note is the first record of tissue lesions due to spirorchiid eggs in a loggerhead sea turtle outside the United States.